Wet Etching Copper

Copper, renowned for its excellent electrical conductivity and malleability, is a widely used material in precision machining. The etching process plays a vital role in shaping and patterning copper components for various applications.


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Wet Metal Etching Production workshop-  Shenzhen Xinxin Precision Equipment Co., Ltd.
Copper etching production facility

Types of Copper and Etching Copper Characteristics

Copper encompasses various alloys, each possessing distinct properties catering to specific applications. Some common types of copper include:

  1. Pure Copper (C110): This unalloyed copper exhibits exceptional electrical conductivity and thermal conductivity. Etching pure copper is relatively straightforward and can achieve precise results.
  2. Brass (C260): Brass, a copper-zinc alloy, offers enhanced corrosion resistance and workability. Etching brass requires specialized etchants to maintain its unique properties.
  3. Bronze (C52100): Bronze, a copper-tin alloy, boasts superior strength and wear resistance. Etching bronze demands precise control to achieve desired patterns without compromising its mechanical properties.
  4. Cupronickel (C70600): Cupronickel, a copper-nickel alloy, provides excellent resistance to seawater corrosion. Etching cupronickel requires consideration of the specific alloy composition to achieve the desired results.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Copper Alloys in Wet Processing

Each copper alloy possesses unique advantages and disadvantages in wet processing and etching:

  1. Pure Copper (C110): Advantages: Excellent electrical and thermal conductivity, easy to etch with common etchants. Disadvantages: Prone to corrosion in certain environments, lower mechanical strength compared to alloys.
  2. Brass (C260): Advantages: Enhanced corrosion resistance, attractive appearance, and suitable for decorative applications. Disadvantages: Requires specialized etchants due to its zinc content, which can affect etching rates.
  3. Bronze (C52100): Advantages: High strength and wear resistance, ideal for bearing and bushing applications. Disadvantages: Etching may require precise control to maintain mechanical properties.
  4. Cupronickel (C70600): Advantages: Excellent resistance to seawater corrosion, suitable for marine applications. Disadvantages: Etching may require unique etchants depending on the alloy composition.

Metal Etching Copper

Metal etching precisely shapes and patterns copper components for various applications. The wet processing method employs metal etching machines and specific chemical etchants.

Common Chemical Etchants for Copper:

  1. Ferric Chloride Etchant: Widely used for etching copper and its alloys, offers good control over etching rates.
  2. Cupric Chloride Etchant: Suitable for precise and controlled etching of copper materials.

Precautions during Metal Etching Copper:

  • Follow safety protocols when handling chemical etchants, including proper ventilation and personal protective equipment.
  • Adhere to etching time, temperature, and concentration to achieve precise etching results.

Copper etching equipment

Wet Chemical S650 Copper Etching Machine

Wet Processing Equipment – Copper etching machine

The Copper etching machine is used to spray chemical solution to a copper-clad laminator, aluminum substrate, or stainless steel plate, the exposed copper, aluminum, and stainless steel are etched away, retaining the pattern or circuit covered by the corrosion-proof film, so as to achieve the purpose of making pattern or circuit.

This etching machine is an all-in-one small Copper etching machine that is easy to install and can be used immediately after powering on.

Photo Etching Copper

Photo etching is a precise and controllable process that uses light-sensitive masks to define patterns on copper surfaces. This technique enables intricate designs and high tolerances.

Etching precision machined copper materials involves understanding the various types, alloys, and their etching characteristics. Electroforming, surface treatment, metal cleansing, and metal etching are integral processes in achieving precise and high-quality copper components. By selecting suitable processes and following necessary precautions, manufacturers can harness the exceptional properties of copper for critical applications across various industries.

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how to etch Copper?

Etching Copper Processing Guidelines

Metal AlloyEtchantEtching Temperature (°C)Etching Concentration (%)Estimated Etching Depth (microns)Etching Quality
Etching CopperFerric ChlorideRoom temperature30% FeCl35-20High-quality (smooth)
Etching CopperCupric ChlorideRoom temperature15% CuCl25-20High-quality (smooth)
Copper Etch Processing Guidelines

The values provided are approximate and can vary depending on specific etching conditions, including exposure time and the condition of the copper surface. Always conduct test etches and adjust parameters as needed to achieve your desired results. Additionally, safety precautions should be followed when handling these chemicals.

If you have metal wet etching Copper needs, please feel free to contact us.



    Etching Copper Samples